DCD or Dyspraxia?

DCD or Dyspraxia?

This had me baffled in the beginning!Is it DCD (Developmental Coordination Disorder) or Dyspraxia? Are they the same thing or are they different?

Is it DCD (Developmental Coordination Disorder) or Dyspraxia? Are they the same thing? What is the difference?

Developmental Coordination Disorder is often referred to as dyspraxia here in Ireland and the UK.  Although they are not technically the same.

I thought it would be best to get the official explanation on this one, courtesy of Dyspraxia Ireland.

Developmental Coordination Disorder (DCD) is the term used in DSM-5 to refer to a condition in which an individual has severe difficulties in learning everyday motor skills, which cannot be explained by physical, sensory or intellectual impairment. The main features of this condition are clearly described in DSM-5. The term ‘dyspraxia’ is used in many different ways by different people, which can cause confusion. Some use it interchangeably with ‘DCD’ to mean the same thing. Others use it to refer to something quite different. Unlike DCD, there is no internationally agreed formal definition of the term ‘dyspraxia’, and it is not included in DSM-5. Despite this, in Ireland and the UK the term ‘dyspraxia’ is sometimes used in a very broad way to refer to children who have motor difficulties plus difficulties with: speech, organisation, planning, sequencing, working memory and various other psychological, emotional and social problems. However, there is little research evidence to support such a broad diagnostic category.

So what I made of that is that DCD is a motor skills disorder on its own, whereas dyspraxia appears to be DCD accompanied with other difficulties such as speech, organisation, planning, sequencing, memory, emotional and social skills issues.

As Jack clearly suffers with all of the above-mentioned difficulties, I am confident that his condition is dyspraxia.

It can be quite confusing and I wouldn’t worry too much about which term you use as dyspraxia and DCD appear to be used in the same context in Ireland and in the UK.

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